Today, of course is a very different matter.
Not only is the wearing of the hijab and full burka found all over the Muslim world, but Islamic law itself -- administered by Sharia Courts -- can be found applied in the West as well.
In Europe, official recognition of Sharia Courts does not appear to be that widespread.
- In Great Britain, instead of actual Sharia courts there are councils and tribunals, where decisions can be made on purely religious matters, and they cannot overrule the regular courts. These tribunals in Great Britain are voluntary, but legally binding.
- In Germany, Sharia Courts are reported to be operating in all of Germany's big cities.
- In Albania, as well as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sharia is part of the civil law system
But there is one non-Muslim country where the use of Islamic courts has been expanded, without an outcry.
Just yesterday, Rivlin welcomes Israel’s new sharia judges in Jerusalem ceremony:
President Reuven Rivlin on Tuesday welcomed Israel’s newest qadis (Muslim judges), telling them that the existence of state-supported Muslim religious courts highlights Israel’s commitment to upholding religious freedom and diversity.
“The authority of the sharia courts – as assured by Israeli law — to me reflects the fundamental principle that an attachment to faith, to tradition, to a culture and community, is not solely the issue of the individual,” Rivlin told the seven new qadis, who are appointed to sharia courts across the country, during a ceremony at his official Jerusalem residence.
|President Reuven Rilvin and Justice Minister Ayelet Shaked (center front) pose |
with new Israeli sharia judges during a ceremony at the President's Residence
in Jerusalem on Tuesday, February 9, 2016 (Mark Neyman/GPO)
Historically, Sharia Courts have always existed in Israel and date back to when the Ottoman Empire exercised control on the area. When the British took over, the courts remained, with jurisdiction limited to personal status issues among Muslims. With the re-establishment of Israel, Sharia Courts were recognized per the Law and Administration Ordinance and the Qadim Appointments Approval Law recognized the jurisdiction of the Qadis who served in the Sharia Courts before the State of Israel was created. Today they are under the authority of the Ministry of Justice.
And while in the West, Sharia Courts are a subject of controversy...
@Ostrov_A Fascinating that while Americans and Europeans are up in arms about this happening in their countries, Israelis couldn't care less— David Ha'ivri (@haivri) February 10, 2016
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